Describe with clear diagrams the variant cambial activity in the stems of Bignonia & Aristolochia
The variant cambial activity in the stems of Bignonia
In Bignonia & some other members of the Bignoniaceae family, the cambium produces secondary xylem & secondary phloem in different amounts. Thus in some part of the plant the amount of xylem is much greater than phloem while in the other, phloem is much more abundant than xylem. This feature results in a characteristically rigid & furrowed xylem cylinder. Phloem can be identified by the presence of wedges. There, four such wedges symmetrically arranged & corresponding in position to the larger primary vascular bundles.
Fig: T.S stem Bignonia sp. showing cambial variant
The variant cambial activity in the stems of Aristolochia
In some climbing species of genus Vitis clematis, Aristolochia Tinospora etc a complete ring of cambium is formed. The fascicular cambium functions normally but the interfascicular cambium produces the only ray like parenchyma cells. As a result, broad & long medullary rays & fluted vascular cylinders are formed.
Fig: Aristolochia in T.S showing cambial variant