The tradition and social functions of science
- The tradition of science
Science, today has grown on a secular materialistic basis, drawing inspiration and principles from traditional science, but in science, it is only the current state of knowledge which is of the utmost importance as the past is fused into the present. Scientific activities involved repeated experimentations of the past which can always be checked, verified and repeated by anybody anywhere. This gives science a "universal character". The truth of science lies in its application. The final test of validity lies in testing scientific knowledge in real life, in controlling nature towards chosen ends.
- The social function of science
Science has been described as an institution, as a method, as a body of knowledge, but still, we have to find out what is a major function of science today.
Science and the means of production: Science has always played a crucial role in a production. Developments in science and technology have brought a tremendous change in the means of production. In the last few centuries,l the means of production have become very complex. Science has always changed according to the demands of the society to create a degree of satisfaction in the society. The growth of science not only increases the production but also leads to an increase in the means and methods of production.
Science and Ideas: Science is not only the practical application of ideas., but is also a collection of various theories and concepts, The ideas are then modified or rejected which in turn leads to another major advancement in science. The ideas or theories of science are generally influenced b the intellectuals of the society called as "scientists" and also the atmosphere in which these scientist work.