What are the objectives & components of the Mid-day meal programme and ICDS
Mid-day meal programme:
The programme has both health & educational objectives. There are -
i. To improve the nutritional status & the attentiveness of school children attending the primary section.
ii. To improve school enrollment & attendance on one hand & to reduce dropout rates on the other.
Components of Mid-day meal programme:
The major component of this programme is food supplement. The raw food material supplied by international agencies includes corn soya meal (CSM), soya, wheat soya blend, SFB & salad oil.
The raw ingredients are cooked into "Upma" or "Khichri" or some other formes. They are also incorporated into ready to eat foods along with flavouring agents & condiments. Even milk powder in some places forms part of the supplies.
The meal provides roughly 450-500 kcal & 20-30 gm protein per child per day, which is expected to meet one-third of the energy & half of the proteins RDIs.
Objectives of ICDS
The specific objectives of ICDS are to:
i. Improve the nutritional & health status of children in the age group of 0 to 6 the child.
ii. Lay the foundation for proper physiological, physical & social development of the child.
iii. Reduce the incidence of mortality, malnutrition & school dropout.
iv. Achieve effective coordination of policy & implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.
v. Enhance the capability of the mother to look after the health & nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition & health education.
Components of ICDS are:
i. Supplementary nutrition.
iii. Periodic health check-ups, treatment of minor ailments.
iv. Growth monitoring.
v. Non-formal pre-school education.
vi. Health/Nutrition education to women.
vii. Safe drinking water.